Minority Government and Majority Rule (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)

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Sign in Create an account. Cambridge University Press Minority governments in parliamentary democracies are conventionally considered to be unstable and ineffective aberrations from the principle of majority rule. Through analysis of over postwar governments, the author shows that minority governments are neither exceptional nor unstable but in fact a common feature of parliamentary democracies and frequently perform as well as, or better than, majority coalitions.

Using the Italian and Norwegian governments as case studies, he suggests that minority governments are particularly likely to form when parties anticipate competitive elections and when opposition parties are able to influence legislative decisions.

The Tyranny of the Supermajority

As an attempt to document and explain a very common form of government in parliamentary democracies, this book will contribute significantly to the understanding of the importance of electoral competition in democratic politics. Edinburgh University Press, For example, under a plurality system the opposition parties have the chance to force an extraordinary election to further their positions following a short period of unsuccessful of government.

Email required Address never made public. Conventional explanations associate minority government formation with political crises, instability, polarization, factionalization, and failures of interparty bargaining. Its cabinet of six compared to 12 in the coalition and over 20 in the UK provides the potential for more meaningful cabinet decision making. In practice there are always grey areas and the conventional limits take time to define. Plato is a prime example with his Republic , which describes a societal model based on a tripartite class structure.

Minority Government and Majority Rule (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)

Anarchist anthropologist David Graeber offers a reason as to why majority democratic government is so scarce in the historical record. Where a machinery of coercion did exist, it did not even occur to those wielding it that they were enforcing any sort of popular will. Majoritarianism as a theory , similar to democracy, has often been used as a pretext by sizable or aggressive minorities to politically oppress other smaller or civically inactive minorities, or even sometimes a civically inactive majority see Richard Nixon 's reference to the " Silent Majority " that he asserted supported his policies.

This agenda is most frequently encountered in the realm of religion: In essentially all Western nations, for instance, Christmas Day —and in some countries, other important dates in the Christian calendar as well—are recognized as legal holidays; plus a particular denomination may be designated as the state religion and receive financial backing from the government examples include the Church of England in England and the Lutheran Church in the Scandinavian countries.

Virtually all countries also have one or more official languages, often to the exclusion of some minority group or groups within that country who do not speak the language or languages so designated.

Minority Government and Majority Rule (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)

In most cases, those decisions have not been made using a majoritarian referendum , and even in the rare case when a referendum has been used, a new majority is not allowed to emerge at any time and repeal it. In America the majority raises formidable barriers around the liberty of opinion; within these barriers an author may write what he pleases, but woe to him if he goes beyond them. In recent times—especially beginning in the s—some forms of majoritarianism have been countered by liberal reformers in many countries [ clarification needed ] : in the case Abington School District v.

Schempp , the United States Supreme Court declared that school-led prayer in the nation's public schools was unconstitutional, and since then many localities have sought to limit, or even prohibit, religious displays on public property. This has provoked a backlash from some advocates of majoritarianism, who lament the Balkanization of society they claim has resulted from the gains made by the multicultural agenda; these concerns were articulated in a book, The Dispossessed Majority , written by Wilmot Robertson.

Multiculturalists, in turn, have accused majoritarians of racism and xenophobia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. Abingdon: Routledge.

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Bale, T. Boston, J. Christiansen, F. De Vries, C. Field, B. Godbout, J.

Majority judgment vs. majority rule | SpringerLink

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